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TCNT MARK Chapter 12

MARK 12 ©

The Parable of the Vineyard Owner

12Then Jesus began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a pit for the winepress, built a tower, leased it to farmers, and left the country. 2At harvest time he sent a servant to the farmers to receive from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. 3But they took him, beat him, and sent him away empty-handed. 4Again he sent to them another servant, and they [fn]threw stones at him, struck him on the head, and [fn]sent him away after dishonoring him. 5[fn]Again he sent another, and that one they killed. He also sent many others, some of whom they beat, and some of whom they killed. 6Now he still had [fn]his one beloved son. He sent him to them [fn]as well, last of all, saying, ‘They will have respect for my son.’ 7But [fn]the farmers said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8So they took him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. 9What [fn]then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy those farmers and give the vineyard to others. 10Have you not read this Scripture:

‘The stone that the builders rejected

has become the cornerstone;

11this was the Lord's doing,

and it is amazing in our eyes’?”

12Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders were looking for a way to arrest Jesus because they knew he had spoken the parable against them. But they were afraid of the crowd, so they left him and went away.

The Question About Paying Taxes to Caesar

13Later they sent to him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, to trap him in his speech. 14They came and said to him, “Teacher, we know that yoʋ are true and defer to no one, for yoʋ do not show partiality but teach the way of God in truth. [fn]Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? 15Should we give, or should we not give?” But knowing their hypocrisy, Jesus said to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.” 16So they brought one. Then he said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” They said [fn]to him, “Caesar's.” 17[fn]In response Jesus said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.” And they were [fn]amazed at him.

The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection

18Then some Sadducees (who say there is no resurrection) came to Jesus and asked him, 19“Teacher, Moses wrote for us: ‘If a man's brother dies, leaving a wife but no children, that man must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.’ 20Now there were seven brothers. The first married a woman and died, leaving no offspring. 21The second married her and died, [fn]and he also left no offspring; the third did likewise. 22In fact, [fn]the seven all married her and left no offspring. Last of all, the woman also died. 23[fn]In the resurrection, when they rise again, which of them will she be the wife of? For the seven all had her as a wife.”

24Jesus [fn]answered them, “Is this not why you are in error, because you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God? 25For when people rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are they given in marriage. Instead, they are like [fn]the angels in heaven. 26But as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the Book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27He is not the God of the dead, but [fn]the God of the living. You have [fn]therefore made a serious error.”

The Most Important Commandment

28Now one of the scribes came up and heard them debating, and when he [fn]realized that Jesus had answered them well, he asked him, “Which is the most important commandment of all?” 29Jesus answered [fn]him, “The most important [fn]of all the commandments is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord [fn]our God, the Lord is one. 30And yoʋ shall love the Lord yoʋr God with all yoʋr heart, with all yoʋr soul, with all yoʋr mind, and with all yoʋr strength.’ [fn]This is the most important commandment. 31[fn]And a second like it is this: ‘Yoʋ shall love yoʋr neighbor as yoʋrself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” 32Then the scribe said to him, “Yoʋ are right, Teacher. In truth yoʋ have said that God is one, and that there is no other besides him, 33and that to love him with all yoʋr heart, with all yoʋr understanding, [fn]with all yoʋr soul, and with all yoʋr strength, and to love yoʋr neighbor as yoʋrself is greater than every whole burnt offering and sacrifice.” 34When Jesus saw that the man had answered wisely, he said to him, “Yoʋ are not far from the kingdom of God.” And no one dared to ask him questions anymore.

Whose Son Is the Christ?

35As Jesus taught in the temple courts, he said, “How can the scribes say that the Christ is the Son of David? 36[fn]For David himself said in the Holy Spirit,

‘The Lord said to my Lord,

“Sit at my right hand

until I [fn]make yoʋr enemies a footstool for yoʋr feet.” ’

37David himself calls him ‘Lord,’ so how is he his son?” And the large crowd was listening to him gladly.

Beware of the Scribes

38Jesus also said [fn]to them in his teaching, “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and to receive greetings in the marketplaces, 39and to have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets, 40who devour widows' houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive a more severe judgment.”

The Widow's Offering

41Later Jesus sat down across from the treasury and watched how the crowd was putting money into the treasury. Many rich people put in large amounts. 42Then a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which are worth a penny. 43So Jesus called his disciples over and said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow has put more money into the treasury than all the others. 44For they have all put in money out of their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, has put in all that she had, her entire livelihood.”

12:4 threw stones at him, struck him on the head, ¦ struck him on the head CT

12:4 sent him away after dishonoring ¦ dishonored CT

12:5 Again he ¦ He CT

12:6 his one ¦ one other, a CT

12:6 as well, ¦ — CT

12:7 the farmers ¦ when the farmers saw him coming, they ANT

12:9 then ¦ — SBL WH

12:14 Is ¦ Tell us then, is ANT

12:16 to him ¦ — ANT

12:17 In response Jesus said to them ¦ Jesus said to them ECM NA SBL TH ¦ Jesus said WH

12:17 amazed ¦ completely amazed CT

12:21 and he also left no 93.4% {ANT 0.1%} ¦ leaving no CT 0.5%

12:22 the seven all married her and left no ¦ none of the seven left any CT

12:23 In the resurrection, when they rise again, 61% ¦ Therefore, in the resurrection, when they rise again, ANT TR 31.6% ¦ In the resurrection TH WH 0.7%

12:24 answered ¦ said to CT

12:25 the ¦ — ECM NA PCK SBL WH

12:27 the God ¦ — ANT CT

12:27 therefore 87.9% ¦ — CT 0.5%

12:28 realized ¦ saw ANT ECM* NA SBL

12:29 him ¦ — CT

12:29 of all the commandments ¦ commandment of all ANT ¦ — CT

12:29 our ¦ your PCK

12:30 This is the most important commandment. 84% ¦ — ECM NA SBL WH 1%

12:31 And a second like it is this ¦ And a second is like it HF ¦ The second is this ECM NA SBL WH

12:33 with all yoʋr soul, ¦ — CT

12:36 For ¦ — CT

12:36 make yoʋr enemies a footstool for ¦ put yoʋr enemies under ECM NA SBL WH

12:38 to them ¦ — CT

MARK 12 ©