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YHN (JHN)IntroC1C2C3C4C5C6C7C8C9C10C11C12C13C14C15C16C17C18C19C20C21

Open English Translation YHN (JHN) Chapter 19

YHN (JHN) 19 ©

Readers’ Version

Literal Version

19So Pilate took Yeshua and had him flogged. 2Then the soldiers twisted some thorn branches together into a crown and put it on Yeshua’s head, and they dressed him in a royal purple robe. 3They came up to him and said, “Greetings, you king of the Jews,” and then slapped him.

4Then Pilate went back outside and said to the Jews, “Look here. I’m bringing him out to you so that you all can know that I didn’t find him guilty of anything.” 5So they led Yeshua out wearing the thorny crown and the kingly robe, and Pilate said, “Look. Here’s the man.”

6Now when the chief priests and their supporters saw him, they yelled out, “Execute him on a stake! Execute him on a stake!”

“Well you take him and execute him on a stake,” Pilate answered, “because I haven’t found anything that he’s guilty of.”

7The Jews responded, “We have a law and he should be executed according to that law because he said he was the son of God.”

8Now when Pilate heard that, he became more afraid. 9So he went back inside the residence and asked Yeshua, “Where do you come from?”

But Yeshua didn’t answer him. 10So Pilate said, “Why don’t you answer me? Don’t you realise that I have the authority to release you and I also have the authority to have you executed on a stake?”

11You have no authority over me,Yeshua answered, “none at all, except what has been granted to you from above. Because of this, the sin of the person who handed me over to you is greater.

12After hearing this, Pilate wanted to release him but the Jews yelled out, “If you release that man, you’re no friend of Caesar. Everyone who claims to be a king is no friend of Caesar’s.”

13So now Pilate, having heard all this, brought Yeshua outside again. Pilate sat down on the judge’s seat at a place called The Stone Pavement (and called Gabbatha in Hebrew). 14It was now about noon on the day when the Passover meal is prepared, and Pilate said to the Jews, “Look. Here’s your king.”

15They yelled back, “Take him away. Take him away. Execute him on a stake.”

Pilate asked them, “You want me to have your king executed on a stake?”

“We don’t have any king other than Caesar,” the chief priests answered.

16So Pilate gave them his permission and handed Yeshua over to them, and they took him away to be executed on a stake.

19Therefore the Pilatos then took the Yaʸsous and flogged him.
2And the soldiers having_twisted_together a_crown of thorns, they_put_on it on_the head of_him, and they_clothed him in_a_ purple _robe, 3and they_were_coming to him and they_were_saying:
Greetings, the king of_the Youdaiōns.
And they_were_giving slaps to_him.
4And the Pilatos came_out again outside, and is_saying to_them:
Behold, I_am_bringing him out to_you_all, in_order_that you_all_may_know that I_am_ not _finding guilt in him.
5Therefore the Yaʸsous/(Yəhōshūˊa) came_out outside, wearing the thorny crown and the purple robe.
And he_is_saying to_them:
Behold, the man.
6Therefore when the chief_priests and the attendants saw him, they_cried_out saying:
Execute_on_a_stake.
Execute_on_a_stake.
The Pilatos is_saying to_them:
You_all take him and execute_on_a_stake him, because/for I am_ not _finding guilt in him.
7The Youdaiōns answered, to_him:
We are_having a_law, and according_to the law he_ought to_die_off, because he_made himself the_son of_god.
8Therefore when the Pilatos heard this the message, he_was_ more _afraid.
9And he_came_in into the residence_of_the_governor again, and is_saying to_ the _Yaʸsous:
From_where are you?
But the Yaʸsous not gave an_answer to_him.
10Therefore the Pilatos is_saying to_him, you_are_ not _speaking To_me?
You_have_ not _known that I_am_having authority to_send_ you _away, and I_am_having authority to_execute_on_a_stake you?
11Yaʸsous answered to_him:
You_were_ not _having authority against me not_one, except not/lest was having_been_given to_you from_above.
Because_of this the one having_given_ me _over to_you, is_having greater sin.
12Out_of this the Pilatos was_seeking to_send_away him.
But the Youdaiōns cried_out saying:
If you_may_send_away this man, you_are not a_friend of_ the _Kaisar.
Everyone making himself which a_king, is_speaking_against the against_Kaisar.
13Therefore the Pilatos, having_heard of_ the _messages these, brought outside the Yaʸsous/(Yəhōshūˊa), and he_sat_down on the_tribunal, at a_place being_called the_Stone_Pavement, But in_Hebraios, Gabbatha.
14And it_was the_preparation day of_the passover_feast, the_hour was about the_sixth.
And he_is_saying to_the Youdaiōns:
Behold, the king of_you_all.
15And they cried_out:
Take_away.
Take_away.
Execute_on_a_stake him.
The Pilatos is_saying to_them:
May_I_execute_on_a_stake the king of_you_all?
The Chief_priests answered:
We_are_ not _having a_king, except not/lest Kaisar.
16Therefore then he_gave_ him _over, to_them, in_order_that he_may_be_executed_on_a_stake.
They_took And the Yaʸsous, led_ him _away

19:17 Yeshua is hung on a stake

(Mat. 27:32-44, Mark 15:21-32, Luke 23:26-43)

17Carrying the pole[fn] himself, Yeshua arrived at the Place of the Skull (called Golgotha in Hebrew) just out of the city 18where they secured him to a stake along with two others—one stake on each side and with Yeshua on the middle one. 19Pilate wrote out a title and put it on the stake: Yeshua from Nazareth, the king of the Jews. 20Many Jews read this title because the place where Yeshua was executed was near the city, and it had been written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 21But the Jewish chief priests complained to Pilate, “Don’t write ‘The king of the Jews’, but rather ‘The one who said he was king of the Jews’.”

22However Pilate answered, “What I’ve written, I’ve written.”

23After the soldiers had fastened Yeshua to the stake, they took his clothes and placed in four piles, one for each of them. This left his robe, which had been woven from top to bottom in one piece. 24So they said to each other, “Rather than tearing this, let’s throw a dice to see who will get it.” (This fulfilled what was written in the scriptures[ref] that said: they divided my garments among themselves and threw a dice for my clothes.) So they went ahead and did that.

25Meanwhile a group of women had stayed standing near Yeshua on the stake: his mother and his aunt, Maria the wife of Clopas, and Maria from Magdala. 26When Yeshua saw his mother and also the intern that he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Look, he’ll be your son.27And to the intern he said, “Look, she’ll be your mother.” And that intern took her into his own home from then on.

17And bearing the stake to_himself, he_came_out to the place being_called:
place Of_the_skull, which is_being_called In_Hebraios, Golgotha/(Gulgolet), 18where they_executed_on_a_stake him, and with him two others, on_this_side and on_that_side, and the Yaʸsous in_the_middle.
19And the Pilatos wrote also a_title, and put on the stake.
And it_was having_been_written:
Yaʸsous the from_Nazaret, the king of_the Youdaiōns.
20Therefore this the title many of_the Youdaiōns read, because the place was near of_the city, where the Yaʸsous/(Yəhōshūˊa) was_executed_on_a_stake, and it_was having_been_written In_Hebraios, In_Latin, In_Hellaʸn.
21Therefore the chief_priests of_the Youdaiōns were_saying to_ the _Pilatos:
Be_ not _writing:
The king of_the Youdaiōns, but that that one said:
I_am king.
of_the Youdaiōns.
22The Pilatos answered:
What I_have_written, I_have_written.
23Therefore the soldiers when they_executed_on_a_stake the Yaʸsous, took the clothes of_him, and they_made four parts, a_part to_each soldier, and the tunic.
And the tunic was seamless, from the_ top _parts woven through all.
24Therefore they_said to one_another:
We_may_ not _tear it, but we_may_choose_by_lot for it, whose it_will_be, in_order_that the scripture may_be_fulfilled which saying:
They_divided the clothes of_me to_themselves, and they_threw a_lot for the clothing of_me.
The therefore on_one_hand soldiers did these things.
25On_the_other_hand the mother of_him had_stood by the stake of_ the _Yaʸsous, and the sister of_the mother of_him, Maria/(Miryām) the wife of_ the _Clopas, and Maria the from_Magdala.
26Yaʸsous therefore having_seen his mother, and the apprentice/follower having_stood_by whom he_was_loving, is_saying to_the mother:
Woman, see, the son of_you.
27Thereafter he_is_saying to_the apprentice/follower:
Behold, the mother of_you.
And from that the hour took the apprentice/follower her to his own.

19:28 Yeshua gives up his life on the stake

(Mat. 27:45-56, Mark 15:33-41, Luke 23:44-49)

28Having done this, Yeshua knew that everything had been accomplished, and (in order for the scriptures[ref] to be fulfilled) said, “I’m thirsty.

29There was a container lying there full of vinegary wine, so they placed a sponge on a hyssop stalk, soaked it in the wine, and held it up to his mouth. 30After Yeshua had sucked some wine out, he said, “It is finished.Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

28After this having_known the Yaʸsous/(Yəhōshūˊa) that all things now has_been_accomplished, in_order_that the scripture may_be_completed, he_is_saying:
I_am_thirsting.
29A_vessel was_lying full of_wine_vinegar, therefore a_sponge full of_the wine_vinegar having_put_around around_a_hyssop stalk, they_brought over_it to_his mouth.
30Therefore when the Yaʸsous took the wine_vinegar, he_said:
It_has_been_finished.
And having_bowed the head, he_gave_over his spirit.

19:31 Yeshua’s side is pierced with a spear

31Now because it was the preparation day[ref] for the coming Rest Day, the Jews didn’t want the bodies to remain on the stakes after dusk (because it was even a special Rest Day.) So they asked Pilate to command for their legs to be broken to hasten their deaths and then they could be taken down sooner. 32So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the men on each side of Yeshua, 33but when they got to him, they saw that he was already dead so they didn’t break his legs. 34Instead one of the soldiers stabbed his side with a spear and immediately blood and water came out. 35The one who actually saw this happen[fn] has testified this and his account is accurate so that you readers can also believe it, 36because these things also happened to fulfil what was written in the scriptures,[ref] that ‘none of his bones will be broken,’ 37and in another place,[ref] ‘they will look at the one that they pierced.’

31Therefore the Youdaiōns, because it_was the_preparation day, in_order_that the bodies may_ not _remain on the stake on the day_of_rest (for it_was great the day of_that the day_of_rest), they_asked the Pilatos that the legs of_them may_be_broken, and they_may_be_taken_away.
32Therefore the soldiers came, and they_broke the legs of_the first on_one_hand, and of_the other which having_been_executed_on_a_stake_with with_him, 33on_the_other_hand having_come to the Yaʸsous, when they_saw him having_died already, they_ not _broke the legs of_him.
34But one of_the soldiers pierced the side of_him with_a_spear, and immediately blood and water came_out.
35And the one having_seen has_testified, and the testimony of_him is true, and that one has_known that he_is_speaking true, in_order_that also you_all you_all_may_be_believing.
36For/Because these things became, in_order_that the scripture may_be_fulfilled:
Bone of_him will_ not _be_being_broken.
37And again another scripture is_saying:
They_will_be_looking on whom they_pierced.

19:38 The wrapping and laying of Yeshua’s body

(Mat. 27:57-61, Mark 15:42-47, Luke 23:50-56)

38After all of this, Yosef from Arimathea went to Pilate. (Yosef was a follower of Yeshua, but secretly because he was afraid of what the Jewish leaders might do.) He asked Pilate for permission to remove Yeshua’s body, and it was granted to him so they went and got his body. 39[ref]Nicodemus (the one who had first visited Yeshua at night) also came, bringing around 30kg of burial spices. 40So they took Yeshua’s body and wrapped it around with linen strips with the spices as per the Jewish burial customs. 41There was a garden out at the place where Yeshua had been executed, and in the garden there was a new tomb that hadn’t been used yet. 42So because it was the preparation day and because the tomb was nearby, they laid his body in there.


19:17 TD: The Greek word used here is used in other places to mean a stake such as used to make a fence. It’s uncertain whether or not it had a horizontal cross-piece, although the Romans did use a range of methods.

9:35 Believed to be the author of this account.


38And after these things, Yōsaʸf/(Yōşēf) which from Arimathaia being a_apprentice/follower of_ the _Yaʸsous/(Yəhōshūˊa), but having_been_hidden because_of the fear of_the Youdaiōns asked the Pilatos, that he_may_take_away the body of_ the _Yaʸsous, and the Pilatos permitted it.
Therefore came and they_took_ him.
_away.
39And Nikodaʸmos also came, the one having_come to him at_the first by_night, bringing a_wrapping of_myrrh and aloe, about a_hundred pounds.
40Therefore they_took the body the of_Yaʸsous, and they_bound it in_linen_cloths with the spices, as the_custom of_the Youdaiōns is to_be_burying.
41And there_was a_garden in the place where he_was_executed_on_a_stake, and in the garden a_ new _tomb, in which not_yet no_one was having_been_laid.
42Therefore because_of the preparation day of_the Youdaiōns, because near was the tomb, they_laid the Yaʸsous there.

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Jesus’ Arrest, Trial, Crucifixion, and Burial

Matthew 26-27; Mark 14-15; Luke 22-23; John 13-19

On the Thursday before he was crucified, Jesus had arranged to share the Passover meal with his disciples in an upper room, traditionally thought to be located in the Essene Quarter of Jerusalem. After they finished the meal, they went to the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus often met with his disciples. There Judas Iscariot, one of Jesus’ own disciples, betrayed him to soldiers sent from the High Priest, and they took Jesus to the High Priest’s residence. In the morning the leading priests and teachers of the law put Jesus on trial and found him guilty of blasphemy. The council sent Jesus to stand trial for treason before the Roman governor Pontius Pilate, who resided at the Praetorium while in Jerusalem. The Praetorium was likely located at the former residence of Herod the Great, who had died over 30 years earlier. When Pilate learned that Jesus was from Galilee, he sent him to Herod Antipas, who had jurisdiction over Galilee. But when Jesus gave no answer to Herod’s many questions, Herod and his soldiers sent him back to Pilate, who conceded to the people’s demands that Jesus be crucified. Jesus was forced to carry his cross out of the city gate to Golgotha, meaning Skull Hill, referring to what may have been a small unquarried hill in the middle of an old quarry just outside the gate. After Jesus was unable to carry his cross any further, a man named Simon from Cyrene was forced to carry it for him. There at Golgotha they crucified Jesus. After Jesus died, his body was hurriedly taken down before nightfall and placed in a newly cut, rock tomb owned by Joseph of Arimathea, a member of the Jewish high council. This tomb was likely located at the perimeter of the old quarry.

YHN (JHN) 19 ©

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